Understanding the Nature and Functions of Law


To know more about the various systems of law, you should read up on the nature and functions of each one. This article is aimed at helping you understand the basic principles of law. It should also help you in understanding the judicial system. You can also read the West’s Encyclopedia of American Law for more information. It’s a great reference work for those who are interested in the history of law. However, you may want to choose a book on specific subjects, such as international law, before you take the plunge.

Legal systems

While the specifics of each legal system vary, many have similarities. For example, almost all legal systems recognize that a person cannot be prosecuted more than once for the same crime. The same holds true for attempting or conspiring to commit a crime. Further, a person must be in a particular mental state to be convicted. In short, legal systems are based on the principles of natural law. In addition, a legal system can be divided into two main categories: civil law and common law.


The term nature of law is used to describe all types of laws. Some people refer to only one type of law as nature of law, but the three types of law are equally valid. A law is a rule of behavior that has an objective validity and is related to other laws or phenomena. For example, there are laws of gravity. Similarly, there are laws of morality and religion. For this reason, a law of nature cannot be a rule that applies only to one particular person, place, or time.


Besides providing the necessary means to protect property rights, the primary functions of law also cover the protection of human life. These primary functions include preventing undesirable behavior and providing facilities for private arrangements, including criminal, tort, and private law. Secondary functions of law include determining the procedures for enacting new laws, as well as regulating the operation of law-applying bodies. In this chapter, the various functions of law will be explained, with special emphasis on the social functions of law.

Basic principles

The basic principles of law are the governing principles that make up the law in any society. These rules govern the relationship between individuals and the government. They must be clear, publicized, and fairly applied in order to prevent unfair discrimination and enforcement. Under the rule of law, people have the right to participate in the making of laws. There should also be a balance of power between the state and the people. Basic principles of law apply to both governments and individuals alike.


The origins of law are largely linked to the earliest organized societies. In preliterate societies, laws and rules arose through oral tradition. These laws are also known as “scriptures.” Early codifications, on the other hand, emerged from historical periods. Without a written version, rules were difficult to apply. Ultimately, a ruler would proclamation laws to his people. This tradition is still common in some churches today.

Impact on society

The impact of law on society is more complex than its direct effects on individuals and groups. Often, law is a catalyst for social change, such as the abolition of untouchability or caste inequalities, or the protection of vulnerable groups. The impact of law on society involves modifications in social structures, values, and beliefs, and their symbolic meanings and effects. The impact of law on society is influenced by both the social and psychological factors that shape individual and group behavior.


The term “opponent” has many synonyms in the legal dictionary. In addition to the American Encyclopedia of Law, the Asian Encyclopedia of Law, European Encyclopedia of Law, and the UK and Latin American Encyclopedia of the Civil Code contain Opponents of law entries. Other similar words are opponent, opponents, and opposer. The legal abbreviation dictionary also lists Opponent as one of its entries. If you’re unfamiliar with the word, it’s worth checking out the various synonyms in the Lawi platform.